Fabric Dyeing Instructions

Procion dyes

At FabricAndArt.com we offer a wide selection of fabric dyes. Procion fabric dyes are suitable for dying natural fibers including silks, rayon and cotton fibers. Explore our pointers for using dyes and chemicals in your next fabric project.  We are experienced with all of the dyes we sell, so feel free to reach out with any questions? We’re happy to help!

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  1. FABRIC DYING INSTRUCTIONS

Fabric Dying Instructions and Tips

Immersion Dying

Tips


Instructions for Immersion Dyeing

Follow these guidelines for the ideal amounts* of dye, salt, and soda ash to achieve your desired shade of dye:

Very pale: 1-2 tsp dye, ? c salt, 1 c soda ash

Light: 1 tsp dye, 1 c salt, ? c soda ash

Medium: 1 tbsp dye, 1 c salt, ? c soda ash

Dark: 2 tbsp dye, 2 c salt, ? c soda ash

Darkest: 4 tbsp dye, 3 c salt, ? c soda ash


*Amounts are per 3 gallons of water and one pound of fabric


Materials



Method #1

  1. Fill dye bath container with 3 gallons of warm (105 degrees Farenheit) tap water.

  2. Add salt and dye in proportions listed above.

  3. Add the fabric or fiber.

  4. Stir frequently for 10 to 15 minutes.

  5. Remove or lift up the fabric.

  6. Add the soda ash. (It helps to dissolve the soda ash in a separate container in a little hot water first.) Stir into dye bath.

  7. Put the fabric back into dye bath, and stir frequently for 30 to 60 minutes (depending on the level of intensity desired in your color).

Rinsing:

  1. While wearing gloves, rinse the dyed fiber first with cool water, then with increasingly warmer water.

  2. When the water is nearly clear (3-4 rinse cycles), prepare a soap soak. Use 2 to 3 gallons of very warm tap water and teaspoons of Synthrapol.

  3. Allow fiber to sit in soap bath for 5 to 10 minutes.

  4. Rinse 3 or 4 additional times with warm water.



Method #2

  1. Fill container with 3 gallons of warm (105 degrees Farenheit) tap water.

  2. Add dye, and stir.

  3. Add the fabric or fiber.

  4. Add the salt in 3 equal parts at 5 minute intervals. (If dyeing a deep shade of blue or a full black, use twice the amount of salt, (adding it in 2 equal parts at 15 minute intervals) while still stirring the dye bath frequently.)

  5. Optional, but helpful: Dissolve soda ash in a separate container, in a little hot water.

  6. Add the soda ash in 2 equal parts at 15 minute intervals, while still stirring the dye bath frequently.

  7. Dye for 30 to 60 minutes after the last soda addition.

Rinsing:

  1. While wearing gloves, rinse the dyed fiber first with cool water, then with increasingly warmer water.

  2. When the water is nearly clear (3-4 rinses), prepare a soap soak, 2-3 gallons of very warm tap water and 1 teaspoon of Synthrapol.

  3. Allow the fiber to sit in this soap bath for 5 to 10 minutes.

  4. Rinse 3 or 4 additional times with warm water.


Washing Machine Dyeing

Tips


  1. Procion MX dye (double the amounts for Immersion dyeing, as listed in the immersion directions)*

  2. 2 c soda ash (3 cups for darker shades)

  3. 6-8 c salt (non-iodized) for prewashing and post-rinsing


*Amounts based on 3-5 pounds of fabric (5-7 yards, or 8-10 T-shirts).


Instructions for Washing Machine Dyeing


Dyeing Fabrics in Top-Loading Washing Machine

  1. Set washing machine to smallest load appropriate for amount of fabric. Select the hottest water setting.

  2. In separate containers, pre-dissolve salt in approximately 1 gallon of hot water and the dye in approximately ? cup to 1 cup of hot water

  3. Place wet fabric in machine and agitate for 20 minutes. (You will need to extend the wash cycle, ensuring the dye isn’t drained or more water added, by turning the machine off and resetting at beginning of wash cycle.)

  4. In a separate container, pre-dissolve soda ash in approximately ? gallon of hot water.

  5. Gradually add to dye bath in 3 parts at 5 minute intervals. Do not pour directly onto fabric.

  6. Agitate for 50 minutes (30 minutes for pastels)

  7. Let machine drain the dye bath and complete the rinse cycle.

  8. To remove any remaining dye, run through a complete wash cycle with hot water and Synthrapol.


Dyeing Fabrics in Front-Loading Washing Machines

  1. Set washing machine to smallest load appropriate to amount of fabric. Select the hottest water setting.

  2. In separate containers pre-dissolve: the salt in approximately ? gallon of hot water, the dye in approximately ? cup to 1 cup of hot water and the soda ash in approximately ? gallon of hot water.

  3. Pour salt, dye, and soda ash into the washing machine.

  4. Place wet fabric in the machine and (choosing the longest cycle available) start the machine.

  5. If your machine allows, extend the wash cycle before the dye bath drains. Agitate for as long as your machine allows, up to 50 minutes (30 minutes for pastels).

  6. Let machine drain the dye bath and complete the rinse cycle.

  7. To remove any remaining dye, run through a complete wash cycle with hot water and Synthrapol.



 

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