Fabric Dyeing Instructions

Procion dyes

Procion MX fabric dye

At FabricAndArt.com we offer a wide selection of fabric dyes. Procion fabric dyes are suitable for dying natural fibers including silks, rayon and cotton fibers.

Click here for the Tie dye instructions

IMMERSION DYEING
Immersion or tub dyeing is submerging the fiber being dyed in the dye bath containing water, a specific amount of dye and the appropriate chemical assistants for a specific length of time. For smooth, even color, the dye bath must be stirred frequently. A
large enamel or stainless steel container or plastic bucket can be used for holding the dye bath.
Stirring Fiber Reactive Dye Baths
For even, smooth color, the fiber should be able to move freely in the dye bath. Additional water in the dye bath will dilute the dyes more than necessary and decrease the shade and increase the dyeing time. Increasing the volume of the dye bath requires the dye time to be longer for the dye molecules to reach the fiber. To prevent uneven dyeing stir dye bath frequently (every 2 to 5 minutes). To stir fabric, wear rubber gloves and lift the fiber from the dye bath. Unfold the creases, and return the fiber to the bath in a different configuration. To stir yarn, use two stainless steel, Plexiglas or wooden stir sticks. Gently slide one stick into the skein near a cross-tie and lift above the dye bath. With the other stick, pick up a different point of the cross-tie on the skein.
Remove the first stick and use that stick to redirect the yarn back into the dye pot in a different pattern.
General amounts of dye, salt and soda ash per 3 gallons of water and one pound of fabric:
For very pale shades: 1 to 2 teaspoon dye, 1/3 cups salt, cup soda ash
For light shades: ? to 1 teaspoon dye, 1 cups salt, 1/3 cup soda ash
For medium shades: 1 tablespoon dye, 1 cups salt, 1/3 cup soda ash
For darker shades: 2 tablespoons dye, 2 cups salt, 1/3 cup soda ash
For darkest shades: 4 tablespoons dye, 3 cups salt, 1/3
cup soda ash
Immersion Dyeing Cellulose Fibers
For one pound dry weight of fabric or fiber (3 to 6 square yards of fabric or 3 T-shirts)
Materials:
3 gallons of warm water (105 degrees F)
Procion MX dye (see above in for amounts)
1/3 to 1/2
cup of soda ash
1/2 to 3 cups of salt (non-iodized)
Synthrapol for prewashing and post-rinsing
Two methods of dyeing follow:
Be sure to prewash fabric to remove any dirt, grease or sizing. We suggest using Synthrapol.
Method One:
1. Fill container (such as a 5 gallon plastic bucket) with 3 gallons of warm (105 F) tap water. Add salt and dye in proportions listed
in the general dye amounts above.
Add the fabric or fiber.
Stir frequently for 10 to 15 minutes.
Remove or lift up the fabric.

Add the soda ash. (It helps to dissolve the soda ash in a separate container in a little hot water first.) Stir into dye bath.

Put the fabric back into dye bath and stir frequently for 30 to 60 minutes, (depending on the depth of intensity desired).
Rinsing:
While wearing gloves, rinse the dyed fiber first with cool water, then with increasingly warmer water.
After 3 or 4 rinses, when the water is nearly clear, prepare a soap soak. Use 2 to 3 gallons of very warm tap water and
teaspoons of Synthrapol. The fiber should sit in this soap bath for 5 to 10 minutes.
Rinse 3 or 4 additional times with warm water.
Using either Jacquard's Dyeset Concentrate or Jacquard's iDye Fixative during the initial rinse will further ensure long
lasting colors.

METHOD TWO:
1. Fill container with 3 gallons of warm (105? F) tap water, add dye and stir.
2. Add the fabric or fiber.
3. Add the salt in 3 equal parts at 5 minute intervals. If dyeing a deep shade of blue or a full black, use twice the amount of salt,
(adding it in 2 equal parts at 15 minute intervals) while still stirring the dye bath frequently.
4. Add the soda ash in 2 equal parts at 15 minute intervals, while still stirring the dye bath frequently. (It helps to dissolve the soda
ash in a separate container in a little hot water first.)
5. Dye for 30 to 60 minutes after the last soda addition.
Rinsing:
While wearing gloves, rinse the dyed fiber first with cool water, then with increasingly warmer water.
After 3 or 4 rinses, when the water is nearly clear, prepare a soap soak. Use 2 to 3 gallons of very warm tap water and
1. teaspoons of Synthrapol. The fiber should sit in this soap bath for 5 to 10 minutes.
2. Rinse 3 or 4 additional times with warm water.
3. Using either Jacquard?s Dyeset Concentrate or Jacquard?s iDye Fixative during the initial rinse will further ensure long
lasting colors.

WASHING MACHINE DYEING for Cellulose Fibers
For 3 to 5 pounds of fabric (5 to 7 yards of fabric or 8 to 10 T-shirts)
Be sure to prewash fabric to remove any dirt, grease or sizing. We suggest using Synthrapol.
Materials:
1. Standard top-loading or front loading washing machine
2. Procion? MX dye (double the amounts for Immersion dyeing listed in the immersion directions)
2. 2 cups soda ash (3 cups for darker shades)
2. 6 to 8 cups salt (non-iodized)
2. for prewashing and post-rinsing
Steps

FOR TOP LOADING MACHINE
1. Set washing machine to smallest load appropriate to amount of fabric. Use hottest water setting.
2. In separate containers pre-dissolve the salt in approximately ? gallon of hot water and the dye in approximately ? cup to
1 cup of hot water.4
Jacquard Products | Rupert, Gibbon & Spider, Inc.
P.O. Box 425, Healdsburg, CA 95448 | 800.442.0455 | Fax: 707.433.4906
www.jacquardproducts.com | service@jacquardproducts.com
Procion MX Instructions 7.7.11
3. Place wet fabric in machine and agitate for 20 minutes. (The wash cycle needs to be extended, without the dye being drained or
more water added, by turning the machine off and resetting at beginning of wash cycle.)
4. In a separate container pre-dissolve soda ash in approximately ? gallon of hot water.
5. Gradually add to dye bath in 3 parts at 5 minute intervals, being careful not to pour directly onto fabric.
6. Agitate for 50 minutes (30 minutes for pastels).
7. Let machine drain the dye bath and complete the rinse cycle. To remove any remaining dye, run through a complete wash cycle
with hot water and Synthrapol.

FOR TOP LOADING WASHING MACHINES
1. Set washing machine to smallest load appropriate to amount of fabric. Use hottest water setting.
2. In separate containers pre-dissolve: the salt in approximately ? gallon of hot water, the dye in approximately ? cup to 1 cup of
hot water and the soda ash in approximately ? gallon of hot water.
3. Pour salt, dye and soda ash into the washing machine.
4. Place wet fabric in the machine and (choosing the longest cycle available) start the machine. If your machine allows, extend the
wash cycle before the dye bath drains.
5. Agitate for as long as your machine allows, up to 50 minutes (30 minutes for pastels).
6. Let machine drain the dye bath and complete the rinse cycle. To remove any remaining dye, run through a complete wash cycle
with hot water and Synthrapol.
Note: After dyeing in your washing machine we recommend cleaning the machine per the manufacturers recommended
method and then running a short cycle of clear water before the next use. This is especially important with front-loading
machines, because they will often hold liquids in the seal around the door or in the exterior tub of the washer.

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